Hum Sub Bhutto Hain

Bhutto at courtOn this thirty-second death anniversary of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, allow me a moment to reflect on the meaning of this occasion without judgment. Bear with me whatever your political affiliation. I come to bury Bhutto, not to praise him.

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was a man. Like all men, he had his strengths and his failings also. Like very few men, though, he left a lasting impression on his country. When he founded Pakistan People’s Party in 1967, he did so under a revolutionary idea – that all power should reside with the people, not an elite.

Recall that this was a different time than today. There was no pan-Islamic democratic movement, and his rise followed a long line of dictators and martial law administrators. Actually, he too would be followed by one of the most damaging military dictators the country has suffered through. Bhutto had to know always that this idea of democracy would not be so easily put in place, and that the struggle would cost him dearly.

And yet, he willingly made this sacrifice. He went out every day knowing that it could be his last because he knew what was right for his country had to be done. He knew that if he, with all of his privilege, was not willing to sacrifice, how could anyone else be expected to?

I have been thinking about the words of Bilawal on Sunday:

We know our great martyrs lives will not be avenged if any insignificant man alone is held responsible. For us to have our revenge we must insure that the circumstances that allowed for Shaheed Bhutto’s Judicial murder never arise again. For us to take revenge of Shaheed BB’s assassination we must defeat the forces of violent extremism and dictatorship that together assassinated my mother. To do this we must dedicate our lives to the establishment of a fully functioning democracy in Pakistan.

I contend that this sentiment holds true not only for avenging the death of ZAB, but of Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto also. And not only for Bhuttos, but for the 50 people who were martyred at the shrine of Syed Ahmad Sakhi Sarwar; for the 12 year old boy killed by a suicide bomber at Dara Adam Khel; and for the thousands of innocent Pakistani men, women, and children who have been killed by ruthless madmen who use violence as a tool of power. The only revenge is not through violence, but through the continued struggle for justice, equality, democracy, and basic human rights for all Pakistanis.

In the 1990s, militias roamed southern Mexico, slaughtering the peaceful people as a means of control through fear and violence. An Army rose up and defeated these death squads not with bullets, but with something more powerful – the idea of freedom and human rights. The leader of this band of revolutionaries was not a famous athlete, a business tycoon, or a media celebrity. He wore a mask at all times and was known only as ‘Marcos’ or ‘Delegado Cero’ (Delegate Zero). As can be expected from such a mysterious figure, journalists, intelligence agents, and politicians all demanded to know the identity of the rebel leader. Soon, a slogan began to appear painted on the walls in cities and villages across Mexico: “Todos somos Marcos”. “We are all Marcos.”

Bilawal ended his speech to the PPP CEC with the slogan, ‘Jiye Bhutto’. This is meant to invoke the unbending spirit of PPP founder Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and his daughter Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto who sacrificed their lives for the ideal of social progress and democracy. But these two martyrs of Pakistan are not the only ones who show that strength of purpose. It is that same determination of spirit that makes each of us go out each day to continue working to build a free and prosperous Pakistan for the future of our children. That fire in Bhutto’s heart is the same fire in our own hearts that drives us to sacrifice for our country and to never, never give up on the promise of Jinnah’s vision.

And so, on this 32nd death anniversary of Bhutto I borrow the words of William Shakespeare:

I speak not to disprove what others say,
but here I am to speak what I do know.
You all did love Bhutto once, not without cause:
What cause withholds you then, to mourn for him?
O judgment! thou art fled to brutish beasts,
And men have lost their reason. Bear with me;
My heart is in the coffin there with Bhutto,
And I must pause till it come back to me.

As I look out the window onto my country torn by distrust, fear, and the violence of ambitious men who will stop at nothing to stop the rise of democracy, I realize that on this death anniversary of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, it is not one person only that I honour, but many. It is for Hussain Ali Yousufi, Imran Farooq, Salmaan Taseer, Shahbaz Bhatti. It is the thousands of brave soldiers and police who willingly risk their lives to defend the freedom of their country and their people. It is the spirit of democracy that lives on in us all.

Hum Sub Bhutto Hain. Pakistan Zindabad.

Ghost Town

Karachi after the violence

by Sana Ali

A city with a tumultuous history, Karachi is again embroiled in violence as a spate of targeted killings has turned Karachi into a ghost town. The killings come just days after the brutal murder of MQM leader Imran Farooq in England.

Fearing the worst, the city government immediately called for a 10-day mourning period, with schools and businesses shut down. Though this was done in respect to Mr. Farooq, one cannot help but feel it also serves as a pre-emptive measure against possible rioting and chaos. The leaders’ instincts were right: as of Wednesday morning, 30 people had been killed. Interior Minister Rehman Malik has reached out to Sindh’s Chief Minister to restore calm to the city (and to an increasingly scared public).

Federal and local governments have recognized a key truth: Karachi is languishing.

It has done so for years now. My mother recalls taking a trip to see a friend in Karachi in 1989, and being horrified at the sight of fresh blood at bus stops and train stations. It is a truly terrible fact that this is still the case in a city as vibrant and intellectual as our Karachi.

Karachi is one of our national treasures. The turmoil it has continuously faced must now be stopped. It seems we have that chance now. The MQM, as part of the PPP-led coalition, can step in and honor the legacy of Mr. Farooq by committing to the protection of all people. Though there is a great deal of raw emotion (and many people capable of stoking anger for short-term political gain), cooler heads must prevail and think of the “bigger picture.”

The old ways of destructive street politics have not worked for Karachi or Pakistan. That much has been proved countless times. Rather, engaging in dialogue and finding real solutions to the lives of ordinary Karachiites should be the key goal.

Disagreements will come, that is the very nature of politics. But human nature does NOT have to be vitriolic.  Leaders must lead by example; carrying out respectful dialogue with others who may disagree will send a strong signal. Working together for the safety and prosperity of Pakistanis is the “bigger picture,” and those goals can only be reached by meaningful discussion.

Karachi deserves nothing else.